Dr. Fearon's Publications and Credentials

The following are a list of Dr. Fearon's journal articles. If you are looking for a specific reference, you can scroll down to the particular reference by number. If you wish to read more about one of these articles, you can go to the National Institute of Health's Pubmed site at and type in: "Fearon JA", or you can click on the link at the end of each listed publication.

  1. Fearon JA, Campbell DR, Hoar CS Jr., Gibbons GW, Rowbotham JL, and Wheelock FC, Jr. Improved results with diabetic below-knee amputations. Arch. Surg., Vol. 120:1, 1985.
  2. Fearon JA, Mulliken J. Midfacial duplications. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 79:260, 1987.
  3. Fearon JA, Cuadros CL. Cleft earlobe repair. Annals Plast. Surg. 24:252, 1990.
  4. May JW, Fearon JA, and Zingarelli P. Retro-Orbicularis Oculus Fat (ROOF) Resection in Aesthetic Blepharoplasty: A 6-Year Study in 63 Patients. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 86:682, 1990.
  5. Fearon JA, Cuadros CL, and May JW. Flap Failure after Microvascular Free-Tissue Transfer: The Fate of a Second Attempt. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 86:746, 1990.
  6. Fearon JA, Bartlett SP, and Whitaker LA. The Skeletal Treatment of Orbital Hypertelorism. Neurosurg. Clinics of North America. 2:3:673, July, 1991.
  7. Fearon JA, Munro IR, Bruce DA, and Whitaker LA. Massive Teratomas Involving the Cranial Base: Treatment and Outcome - A Two Center Report. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 91:223, 1993.
  8. Fearon JA, Whitaker LA. Complications with Facial Advancement: A Comparison Between the Le Fort III and Monobloc Advancements. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 91:990, 1993.
  9. Fearon JA, Munro IR. Cranioscoliosis. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 92:202, 1993.
  10. Munro IR, Fearon JA. The Coronal Incision Revisited. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 93:185, 1994.
  11. Fearon JA, Millicovsky GU. Comparison of Craniofacial Growth after Rigid Fixation with Autogenous Bone Plates and with Metal Plates. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 93:697, 1994.
  12. Fearon JA, Munro IR, and Bruce DA. Observations on the Use of Rigid Fixation for Craniofacial Deformities in Infants and Young Children. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 95:634, 1995.
  13. Fearon JA, Munro IR, and Bruce DA. Transfacial Approaches to the Cranial Base. Clin. Plast. Surg. 22:3, 483-490. July, 1995.
  14. Fearon JA, Kolar JC, and Munro IR. Trigonocephaly-Associated Hypotelorism: Is Treatment Necessary? Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 97:503, 1996.
  15. Fearon JA, Yu J, Bartlett SP, Munro IR, Whitaker L. Infections in Craniofacial Surgery: A combined report of 567 procedures from two centers. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 100:862, 1997.
  16. Fearon JA: A Magnetic Resonance Imaging Investigation of Potential Subclinical Complications after In-situ Cranial Bone Graft Harvest. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 105:1935, 2000.
  17. Fearon JA, Invited Discussion, RE:  Dismantling and Reassembling of the Facial Skeleton in Tumor Surgery of the Craniomaxillofacial Area.  History, Surgical Anatomy, and Notes of Surgical Technique: Part 1.  Clauser L, Vinci R, Curioni C. Journal of Craniofacial Surgery, 11:4:326, July, 2000.
  18. Fearon JA. The LeFort III Osteotomy: To Distract Or Not To Distract? Plast. Reconstr. Surg., 107:1091, 2001.
  19. Fearon JA, Swift DM, and Bruce DA. New Methods for the Evaluation and Treatment of Craniofacial Dysostosis-Associated Cerebellar Tonsillar Herniation. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 108: 1855, 2001.
  20. Fearon JA and Weinthal J. The Use of Recombinant Erythropoietin in the Reduction of Blood Transfusion Rates in Craniosynostosis Repair in Infants and Children. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 109: 2190, 2002.
  21. Fearon JA. Rigid Fixation of the Calvaria in Craniosynostosis, Without Using Rigid Fixation. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 111: 27, 2003.
  22. Fearon JA. The Treatment of the Hands and Feet in Apert Syndrome: An Evolution in Management. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 112: 1, 2003.
  23. Fearon JA. Reducing Allogenic Transfusions in Craniosynostosis Repair: A Prospective Analysis Using Blood Recycling. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 113: 1126, 2004.
  24. Yu JC, Fearon JA, Havlik RJ, Buchman SR, and Polley JW. Distraction Osteogenesis of the Craniofacial Skeleton. Plast. Recontsr. Surg. 114: 1e, 2004.
  25. Fearon, JA. Halo-distraction of the LeFort III in Syndromic Craniosynostosis: A Long-term Assessment. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 115: 1524, 2005.
  26. Fearon, JA., McLaughlin, EB, and Kolar, JC. Sagittal craniosynostosis: surgical outcomes and long-term growth. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 117: 532, 2006.
  27. Fearon, JA, Singh, DJ, Beals, SP, and Yu, JA. The Diagnosis and Treatment of Single Sutural Synostoses: are CT Scans Necessary? Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 120: 1327, 2007
  28. Schmelzer, RA and Fearon, JA.  Z-Pattern Craniosynostosis: A Novel Presentation of Trisutural Fusion.  J. Craniof. Surg. 18(3): 568, 2007.
  29. Fearon, JA.  Rare Craniofacial Clefts: A Surgical Classification.  J. Craniof. Surg.  19: 110, 2008.
  30. Fearon, JA.  Beyond the bandeau: 4 variations on fronto-orbital advancements.  J. Craniof. Surg. 19: 1180, 2008.
  31. Fearon, JA. Discussion: Raised Intracranial Pressure in Apert Syndrome.  Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 122: 1169, 2008.
  32. Fearon, JA, Ruotolo, RA, and Kolar, JC.  Single Sutural Craniosynostosis: Outcomes and Long-term Growth.  Plast. Reconstr. Surg.  123: 635, 2009.
  33. Ruotolo, RA, and Fearon, JA.  A Unique Sutureless Skin Closure Technique.  Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 123: 109e, 2009.
  34. Fearon, JA and Rhodes, J.  Pfeiffer Syndrome: A Treatment Evaluation.  Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 123: 1560, 2009.
  35. Fearon, JA. Invitied Discussion: Extracranial Arteriovenous Malformations: Natural Progression and Recurrence after Treatment. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 125: 1195, 2010.
  36. Rhodes, JL, Kolar, JC and Fearon, JA.  Mercedes Benz Craniosynostosis.  Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 125: 299, 2010.
  37. Czerwinski, M, Hopper, RA, Gruss, J, and Fearon, JA.  Major Morbidity and Mortality Rates in    Craniofacial Surgery: An Analysis of 8101 Major Procedures.  Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 126: 181, 2010.
  38. Fearon, JA. Invited Discussion: Computed Tomographic Analysis of Temporal Maxillary Stability and Pterygomaxillary Generate Formation following Pediatric Le Fort III Distraction Advancement. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 126: 1675, 2010.
  39. Fearon, J.A. Invited Discussion, The Evolution of Mandibular Distraction: Device Selection. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 126: 2071, 2010.
  40. Fearon, J.A. Invited Discussion, Temporal hollowing following surgical correction of unicoronal     synostosis. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 128:241, 2011.
  41. Czerwinski, M, Kolar, JA, and Fearon, JA. Complex Craniosynostosis. Plast. Reconstr. Surg.  128: 955, 2011.
  42. Gage, EA, Price, AV, Swift, DM, Sacco, DJ, and Fearon, JA. Limited reduction cranioplasty for the treatment of hydrocephalic macrocephaly. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 128: 1272, 2011.
  43. Warren, SM, Procter, MP, Bartlett, SP, Blount, JP, Buchman, SR, Burnett, W, Fearon, JA, Keating, R, Muraszko, KM, Rogers, GF, Rubin, MS, and McCarthy, JG. Parameters of Care for Craniosynostosis: Craniofacial and Neurologic Survey Perspectives. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 129: 731, 2012.
  44. Naran, S, Cladis, F, Fearon, J, Bradley, J, Michelotti, B, Cooper, G, Cray, J Jr, Katchikian, H, Grunwaldt, L, Pollack, IF, Losee, J. Safety of preoperative erythropoietin in surgical calvarial remodeling: an 8-year retrospective review and analysis. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 130: 305e, 2012.
  45. Fearon, JA and Varkarakis, G. Dynamic abdominoplasty for the treatment of prune belly syndrome. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 130: 648, 2012.
  46. Fearon, JA. Discussion: cognitive and behavioral functioning in 82 patients with trigonocephaly. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 130: 894, 2012.
  47. Fearon, JA. and Podner, C.. Apert syndrome: evaluation of a treatment algorithm. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 131: 132, 2013.
  48. Scott, WW, Fearon, JA, Swift, DA, and Sacco, DJ. Suboccipital decompression during posterior cranial vault remodeling for selected cases of Chiari malformations associated with craniosynostosis. J. Neurosurg. Pediatrics 12: 166, 2013.
  49. Sadiq MA, Prabhu SP, Fearon JA, Taghinia AH, and Dagi LR. Screw implantation in the globe: the risk of delayed hardware migration from craniofacial repair. J. Craniofac. Surg. 24(5): 1650-2, 2013.
  50. Fearon JA. Discussion: prophylactic Amifostine preserves the biomechanical properties of irradiated bone in the murine mandible. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 133(3): 322e, 2014.
  51. Fearon JA, Cook TK and Herbert M. Effects of Hypotensive Anesthesia on Blood Transfusion Rates in Craniosynostosis Corrections. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 133(5): 133-6, 2014.
  52. Fearon JA. Craniosynostosis: evidence-based leading edge MOC. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 133(5): 1261-75, 2014.
  53. Fearon JA, Varkarakis GM and Kolar J. Cranial Vault Distraction versus Standard Remodeling: A Comparative Study. J. Craniofac. Surg. 25(4): 1159-63, 2014.
  54. Rhodes JL, Tye GW, and Fearon JA. Craniosynostosis of the lambdoid suture. Semin  Plast Surg, 28(3): 138-43, 2014.
  55. Patel N  and Fearon JA. Treatment of the Syndromic Midface: An Assessment at Skeletal Maturity. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 135(4): 731e-42e, 2015.
  56. Patel N, Dittakasem K, and Fearon JA. Craniofacial Fellowship Training: Where Are We Now? Plast. Reconstr. Surg. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 135(5): 1454-60, 2015.
  57. Yee ST, Fearon JA, Gosain AK, Timbang MR, Papay FA, Doubit G. Classification and           Management of Metopic Craniosynostosis. J. Craniofac. Surg. 26(6): 1812-7, 2015.
  58. Fearon JA, Dimas, V, Ditthakasem K, Herbert, MA. A Randomized Controlled Trial of Oral   Versus Intravenous Administration of a Nonnarcotic Analgesia Protocol Following Pediatric   Craniosynostosis Corrections on Nausea and Vomiting Rates. J. Craniofac. Surg. 26(6): 1951-3, 2015.
  59. Fearon JA. Discussion: What’s in a Name? Accurately Diagnosing Metopic Craniosynostosis Using    a Computational Approach.  Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 137(1): 214-5, 2016.
  60. Vega, RA, Opalak C, Harshbarger RJ, Fearon JA, Ritter AM, Collins JJ, Rhodes JL.       Hypophosphatemic Rickets and Craniosynostosis: A Multicenter Series. J. Neurosurg. Pediatr. Jan. 29: 1-7, 2016.
  61. Fearon JA, Dimas V, Ditthakasem K. Lambdoid Craniosynostosis: The Relationship with Chiari Deformations and an Analysis of Surgical Outcomes. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. In press.
  62. Fearon JA.  Discussion: An Algorithm for Managing Syndromic Craniosynostosis Using Posterior Vault Distraction Osteogenesis. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 137(5): 842e-4e, 2016
  63. Sturdivant ML and Fearon JA Photographic Documentation of the Palatal Cleft. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 138(3): 569e-70e, 2016.
  64. Fearon JA.  Discussion: Impact of Fronto-Orbital Advancement on Frontal Sinus Volume, Morphology, and Disease in Nonsyndromic Craniosynostosis. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 135(5): 1060-1061.
  65. Fearon JA.  Discussion: Sleep Architecture Linked to Airway Obstruction and Intracranial Hypertention in Children with Syndromic Craniosynostosis. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 138(6): 1030e-1031e. 2016
  66. Fearon JA. Discussion: Evaluating the Efficacy of Monobloc Distraction in the Crouzon-Pfeiffer Craniofacial Deformity Using Geometric Morphometrics. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 139(2): 488e-490e. 2017
  67. Fearon JA, Griner D, Ditthakasem K, and Herbert M. Autogenous Bone Reconstruction of Large Secondary Skull Defects. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 139(2): 427-438. 2017
  68. Adetayo OA, Fearon JA. Craniosynostosis and Guanine Nucleotide-binding Protein Alpha Stimulating Mutation: Risk of Bleeding Diathesis and Circulatory Collapse in Patients Undergoing Cranial Vault Reconstruction. J. Craniof. Surg. 28(5): 1286-1288. 2017
  69. Fearon JA. Discussion: Primary Septal Cartilage Graft for the Unilateral Cleft Rhinoplasty. Plast. Reconstr. Surg.139(5): 1187-1188. 2017
  70. Kolar JC, Ditthakasem K, Fearon JA. Long-term Evaluation of Mandibular Growth in Children with FGFR2 Mutations. J. Craniof. Surg. 28(3): 709-712. 2017
  71. Fearon JA. Discussion: Spring-Assisted Cranioplasty for the Correction of Nonsyndromic Scaphocephaly: A Quantitative Analysis of 100 Consecutive Cases.
  72. Fearon JA, Ditthakasem K, Herbert M, and Kolar J. An Appraisal of the Cephalic Index in Sagittal Craniosynostosis and the Unseen Third Dimension. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 140(1): 138-145. 2017
  73. Fearon JA. Discussion: Five-Year Follow-Up of Midfacial Distraction in Growing Children with Syndromic Craniosynostosis. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 140(6): 804e-805e. 2017.
  74. Fearon JA. Discussion: Minor Sutural Fusion in Syndromic Craniosynostosis. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 140(3):446e-447e. 2017
  75. Fearon JA. Discussion: Whole-Proteome Analysis of Human Craniosynostotic Tissue Suggests a Link between Inflammatory Signaling and Osteoclast Activation in Human Cranial Suture Patency. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 141(2):261e-262e. 2018
  76. Fearon JA. Discussion: Nonsyndromic Unilateral Craniosynostosis: A Comparison of Fronto- Orbital Advancement and Endoscopic Suturectomy. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. In press.
  77. Fearon JA, Ditthakasem K, Castro-Garcia J, Herbert, M. Abandoning the Supraorbital Bandeau in Anterior Craniosynostosis Repairs for a Single Segment Reconstruction. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 142: 334e, 2018
  78. Moderie C, Govshievich A, Papay F, Fearon J, Gosain A, and Doumit G. Current Trends in Management of Nonsyndromic Unilateral Coronal Craniosynostosis: A Cross-sectional Survey. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. Glob Open. 2019; 7e2229. Published online 16 May 2019.
  79. Fearon JA. Discussion: Nonsyndromic Unilateral Coronal Synostosis: A Comparison of Fronto-Orbital Advancement and Endoscopic Suturectomy. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 143(3):849-851, 2019.
  80. Morrow BT, Ditthakasem K, Herbert M, Fearon JA. Perioperative Outcomes Following Pediatric Cranial Vault Remodeling: Are Improvements Possible? J Craniof. Surg. 30(7): 2018-2022, 2019.
  81. Fearon JA. Discussion: Treating Craniofacial Dysostoses with Hypertelorism by Monobloc Facial Bipartition Distraction: Surgical and Educational Videos. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 144(2):439-441, 2019.
  82. Fearon JA. Discussion: Age at Craniosynostosis Surgery and Its Impact on Ophthalmologic Diagnoses: A Single-Center Review. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 144(3): 702, 2019.
  83. Fearon JA. Discussion: Onset and Resolution of Chiari Malformations and Hydrocephalus in Syndromic Craniosynostosis following Posterior Vault Distraction. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 144(4): 941-942, 2019.
  84. Fearon JA. Discussion: Secondary Suture Fusion after Primary Correction of Nonsyndromic Craniosynostosis: Recognition of the Problem and Identification of Risk Factors. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 145(2):504-505, 2020.
  85. Fearon JA. Ditthakasem K, Chan J, Herbert M. Long-term Growth Following Trigonocephaly Repairs: Are Over-corrections Necessary? Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 145(3):583e-590e, 2020.
  86. Fearon JA. Discussion: Radiographic Severity of Metopic Craniosynostosis Correlates with Long-term Cognitive Outcomes. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 145(5):1249-1250, 2020.
  87. Fearon JA. Discussion: Long-term Outcomes of Spring-Assisted Surgery for Sagittal Craniosynostosis. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 146(4): 842-843, 2020.


Book Chapters

  1. Fearon, JA.  Hemifacial Microsomia. In VanderKolk CA.  (Ed.):  Plastic Surgery:  Indications, Operations, and Outcomes. Volume II, Mosby, St. Louis, 2000.
  2. Bruce, DA and Fearon, JA.  Skull-Based Surgery in Pediatrics. In McLone, DC (Ed.) Pediatric Neurosurgery: Surgery of the developing nervous system. 4th Edition, Saunders, Philadelphia, 2001.
  3. Fearon, JA and Bruce, DA.  Metopic Synostosis.  In Lin KY, Ogle RC, Jane JA,    (Ed.): Craniofacial Surgery, Science and Surgical Technique. W.B. Saunders, Philadelphia, 2002.
  4. Fearon, JA.  Hypertelorism.  In Bentz, ML, Bauer, B and Zucker, R. (Eds.): Principles and Practice of Pediatric Plastic Surgery.  Quality Medical Publishers, St. Louis, 2008.
  5. Fearon, JA. Radiologic Examination of the Craniofacial Skeleton. In Weinzweig, J. (Ed.) Plastic Surgery Secrets Plus. Mosby, Elsevier. 2010.
  6. Fearon, JA.  Craniofacial Clefts. In Serletti, J and Losee, J (Eds).  Current Reconstructive Surgery.  McGraw-Hill.  2012.
  7. Fearon, JA. Syndromic Craniosynostosis.  In Neligan et al. (Eds.) Plastic Surgery. Elsevier.  2012.
  8. Czerwinski, M and Fearon JA. Congenital facial aplasias: Hemifacial microsomia, Robin sequence and Treacher Collins syndrome. In Zins, JE and Gordon, CR Handbook of Craniomaxillofacial Surgery. World Scientific. 2014.
  9. Fearon JA. Syndromic Craniosynostosis. In Neligan et al. (Eds.) Plastic Surgery. Elsevier. 4th Edition. 2017


Meet Dr. Fearon